I generally agree with @Wolff 's answer .... it's about the why.
Why is the question posed?
- Is it to understand how to create or output a visual... then it's on topic.
- Is it to understand the underlying mathematical formula used in specific construction fo something... then it's off-topic and more computer science than design.
The linked to recent questions, in my opinion, are asking about math and seeking to understand the math... that's not graphic design. While designers certainly use math, they aren't mathematicians and don't often have years of experience with more complex mathematical formulas. Face it, 99% of graphic design merely employs basic high-school level mathematics. There are several other stacks with more expert math users which are better suited for such questions.
The key, to me, is that graphic design is about visuals. If the ultimate goal is to create a visual or configure a visual for reproduction/output then anything and everything is on topic. However, if the ultimate goal is to create a math formula then it's off topic.
It's akin to the software questions we do get here.. is it a "How do I do this in X?" or "AppX isn't working, how do I fix it?" - it's not always an immediately apparent line to those posing questions, but it's pretty definitive once you see it. Sure I can answer many of the tech support type of questions, but just because I can answer them it doesn't make them on-topic for this particular stack.
If I have an OS question.. I post on the stack related to my OS i.e. https://apple.stackexchange.com/ ... even though I use my Mac for Graphic Design. Just as if I had a math question, as it related to my work as a designer, I'd post on https://mathematica.stackexchange.com/ not here.